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Physiotherapy Blog

13
Dec 2019

PIRIFORMIS SYNDROME

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Piriformis syndrome is defined as the compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle is an important muscle that allows the leg to laterally rotate your leg (away from the midline). Any movement such as walking, or turning, shifting weight from one leg to the other or to even maintain balance, the piriformis muscle is an integral part in these movements. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the human body and its location runs very close to the piriformis muscle either alongside the muscle or piercing through it. Therefore a muscle spasm of the piriformis muscle can cause nerve compression on the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve travels down the leg to where it branches out into smaller nerves of the foot. Some SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF PIRIFORMIS SYNDROME Piriformis Syndrome usually starts with pain and tingling or numbness in the buttocks. Pain can…

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15

SCIATICA

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  The sciatic nerve is the strongest and longest of the peripheral nerves of the body. It primarily provides motor supply (signal) to the hamstrings, lower leg and foot muscles and sensory supply to the posterior (back of the leg), most of the front of the leg and lower legs and foot. The sciatic nerve branches into two independent nerves just above the knee called the tibial and peroneal nerves. Sciatica tends to affect only one side of the body…

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Function of Ligaments of the Knee: The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. Ligaments provide stability to the joint. The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding back onto the tibia or tibia sliding forward on the femur. The PCL or posterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding forward on the tibia or tibia sliding backward on the femur. The MCL or medial collateral ligament and LCL or lateral…

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Rotator cuff consists of four specific muscles: the supraspinatus (most commonly injured rotator cuff muscle), infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles. These muscle are used to either laterally (outer) rotation or medially (inner) rotation of the shoulder. The rotator cuff muscles also help to stabilize the shoulder joint as well. Rotator cuff injuries are common injuries to the shoulder as these muscles are often used to do many tasks whether cleaning, playing sports, jobs that involve the hands/arms such as…

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Anyone who has had the misfortune of experiencing sciatica and/or fibromyalgia knows how debilitating these two conditions are, and the degree to which they can impact the body’s day-to-day functioning. Technically, sciatica is a pain that originates along the sciatic nerve of the lower extremity, and is characterized by hot, throbbing flashes of pain that are felt at the hips and buttocks and are carried right down to the feet and ankles.Fibromyalgia, on the other hand is pain that shoots…

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