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Physiotherapy Blog

15
Oct 2019

SCIATICA

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  The sciatic nerve is the strongest and longest of the peripheral nerves of the body. It primarily provides motor supply (signal) to the hamstrings, lower leg and foot muscles and sensory supply to the posterior (back of the leg), most of the front of the leg and lower legs and foot. The sciatic nerve branches into two independent nerves just above the knee called the tibial and peroneal nerves. Sciatica tends to affect only one side of the body and due to its location, can often be misdiagnosed as Piriformis Syndrome which is similar in pain involvement. However, there are orthopedic tests that can differentiate the two conditions. Signs & Symptoms of Sciatica Pain in the rear of the leg especially when sitting Burning or tingling sensation running down the leg. Weakness, numbness or difficulty moving the leg or foot Constant pain on the side especially near buttocks side…

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Function of Ligaments of the Knee: The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. Ligaments provide stability to the joint. The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding back onto the tibia or tibia sliding forward on the femur. The PCL or posterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding forward on the tibia or tibia sliding backward on the femur. The MCL or medial collateral ligament and LCL or lateral…

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Rotator cuff consists of four specific muscles: the supraspinatus (most commonly injured rotator cuff muscle), infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles. These muscle are used to either laterally (outer) rotation or medially (inner) rotation of the shoulder. The rotator cuff muscles also help to stabilize the shoulder joint as well. Rotator cuff injuries are common injuries to the shoulder as these muscles are often used to do many tasks whether cleaning, playing sports, jobs that involve the hands/arms such as…

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Anyone who has had the misfortune of experiencing sciatica and/or fibromyalgia knows how debilitating these two conditions are, and the degree to which they can impact the body’s day-to-day functioning. Technically, sciatica is a pain that originates along the sciatic nerve of the lower extremity, and is characterized by hot, throbbing flashes of pain that are felt at the hips and buttocks and are carried right down to the feet and ankles.Fibromyalgia, on the other hand is pain that shoots…

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What Is a Heel Spur? A heel spur is displaced calcium attached to the calcaneum, also known as the heel bone. It can go undetected and grow over the course of several months or years and can only be detected by an x-ray. Other times, heel spurs can be painful, resulting in a stabbing sensation. Heel spurs are often mistaken as plantar fasciitis, which is when the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, while a heel spur is just the presence of…

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