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Physiotherapy &
Sports Injury Clinic

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TMJ (Jaw Pain) Treatment

TMJ is a disorder of the muscles of mastication or chewing, the TMJ joints and the associated structures of TMJ. TMJ stands for temporomandibular disorder. The TMJ joint has two components that contribute to some rotation and glide between bones of the jaw. Between these bones are little meniscus or articulating discs that provide a gliding surface for the bones.

Factors contributing to TMJ pain

  • Genetic presdisposition of muscles, ligaments, bones or trauma to the neck/face or jaw
  • Stress increases muscle tension to the muscles of chewing
  • Clenching or grind teeth during sleep can cause TMJ where the joint can contribute to joint noise (clicking sound in Jaw)

Causes of TMJ

  • Imbalances in the muscles of chewing
  • Muscle overuse of muscles of jaw by chewing gum excessively, beef jerky
  • Tooth loss
  • Cranial bone misalignment especially the temporal bone
  • Postural dysfunction especially those of the neck/shoulder muscles
  • Increased stress
  • Presence of osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid arthritis in the TMJ joint
  • Direct or indirect trauma (injury) such as a blow to the jaw, whiplash etc

Common signs and symptoms of TMJ

  • Can be on one side or both sides of the jaw
  • Most common in people aged 15-45 and are more common in women than men
  • Neuromuscular, skeletal or dental conditions
  • Clicking popping occurs with movement of the jaw
  • Pain in jaw especially with movements,  and usually worse in the morning
  • Possible headaches
  • Possible muscle spasm in muscles of the jaw
  • Decreased range of motion especially when opening the mouth

Treatment for TMJ

  • Treatment for TMJ would focus on reducing pain, reducing any muscle spasming that are contributing to TMJ signs and symptoms
  • Improving the function of the TMJ joint/muscles
  • Treatment for TMJ can be treated by physiotherapy, massage therapy or acupuncture

If you have any questions about TMJ contact our staff at Dynamic Physiotherapy.

TMJ disorders Treatments

Jaw Pain Treatment

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